That covers the lines and spaces, but what about the rest below
and above the staff? Just remember your abc's. If you haven't
noticed yet, the lines and spaces together form a familiar pattern.
Starting from the bottom line:
E, F, G, A, B, C, D, E, F

You can see that they are in alphabetical order and can use that
knoweledge to fill in the blanks.

At the top of the staff the letter after F is...G and at the bottom
the letter before E is...D. I've also added important notes for
violinists to know but really applies to everyone.
The two memory devices to remember are
simple:

F A C E - for the spaces

and

Every Good Boy Does Fine - for the lines
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